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From the Back Cover This volume proposes that words in Palauan are not drawn directly from a mental lexicon, but are instead composed at least partially in the syntax. No customer reviews. Share your thoughts with other customers.
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Write a customer review. Discover the best of shopping and entertainment with Amazon Prime. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery on millions of eligible domestic and international items, in addition to exclusive access to movies, TV shows, and more. Back to top. Get to Know Us. A list of diphthongs and corresponding Palauan words containing them are given below, adapted from Zuraw The extent to which it is accurate to characterize each of these vowel sequences as diphthongs has been a matter of debate, as in Wilson , Flora , Josephs , and Zuraw Others do not behave as clearly like monosyllabic diphthongs.
In the early s, the Palau Orthography Committee worked with linguists from the University of Hawaii to devise an alphabet based on the Latin script. The 20 vowel sequences listed under Diphthongs are also all officially recognized in the orthography. Three notable exceptions are worth mentioning.
The ch digraph is a remnant of an earlier writing system developed during German occupation when the glottal stop was pronounced as a fricative [ x ].
Some older Palauans still remember their grandparents pronouncing ch this way. The bill also establishes an Orthography Commission to maintain the language as it develops as well as to oversee and regulate any additions or modifications to the current official orthography.
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Palauan nouns inflect based on humanness and number via the plural prefix re- , which attaches to plural human nouns see Josephs For example, the word chad "person" is a human noun that is unambiguously singular, whereas the noun rechad people is a human noun that is unambiguously plural. Non-human nouns do not display this distinction, e.
Some possessed nouns in Palauan also inflect to agree with the person, number, and humanness of their possessors. For example, the unpossessed noun tebel means simply "table," whereas one of its possessed forms tebelek means "my table. The possessor agreement suffixes have many different irregular forms that only attach to particular nouns, and they must be memorized on a noun-by-noun basis Josephs However, there is a "default" set see Josephs and Nuger , shown below:.
The word order of Palauan is usually thought to be verb—object—subject VOS , but this has been a matter of some debate in the linguistic literature. In the preceding example, the null pronoun pro is the subject "I," while the clause-initial ak is the first person singular subject agreement morpheme. On the other hand, those who have analyzed Palauan as SVO necessarily reject the pro-drop analysis, instead analyzing the subject agreement morphemes as subject pronouns.
In the preceding example, SVO-advocates assume that there is no pro and that the morpheme ak is simply an overt subject pronoun meaning "I.
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Consider the following example. Proponents of the SVO analysis must assume a shifting of the subject a Satsuko "Satsuko" from clause-initial to clause-final position, a movement operation that has not received acceptance cross-linguistically, but see Josephs for discussion. Some common and useful words and phrases in Palauan are listed below, with their English translations. Palauans have different numbers for different objects.
For example, to count people it is: tang, terung, tedei, teuang, teim, telolem, teuid, teai, tetiu, and teruich. Traditionally, there were separate counting sets for people, things, counting, ordinals, bunches of bananas, units of time, long objects, and rafts; however, several of these are no longer used.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not to be confused with Palawan , a province of the Philippines. Language family. Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian Palauan. Writing system.
By Keith Brown and Jim Miller
According to the Palau Census, there are 18, people aged 5 years or older residing in the Republic of Palau, of whom 4, do not speak Palauan. This number does not include native Palauan speakers residing outside of Palau, who probably comprise several thousand additional speakers 4, according to Ethnologue.
See Nuger But see Matsumoto Glottolog 3. Early Oceanic contact with Palau: the evidence of fish names. The consonant chart tentatively reflects Wilson's analysis.